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Size of Your Belly During Pregnancy

Sometimes for pregnant women it seems that their stomach is growing before their eyes, or on the contrary, it is almost imperceptible. Let’s read the comments of experts on this question.

– Belly size during pregnancy depends on what factors?

– Abdominal height, i.e. the height of the uterus usually corresponds to the term of pregnancy. For example, in the 32nd week of pregnancy it should be 32-33 cm. And the volume of the stomach depends on the individual peculiarities of a woman. Sometimes anatomical structure affects this: petite women with thin pelvises have larger bellies than tall women with full thighs. But most of the abdominal enlargement is related to the normal weight gain of the pregnant woman. This is something that a woman should always pay attention to.

– What weight gain is considered normal?

– Every woman has her own unique ideals. It depends on the body mass index, which can be calculated according to a special formula. Divide weight in kg by height in square meters. The general index ranges from 19.8 to 25.9. If you are expecting twins, add at least 2.3-4.6 kg to this figure.

Most women gain 40% weight in the first half of pregnancy, 60% – in the second. If a woman had a normal weight before pregnancy, she can gain 1.5-2 kg in the first period, 0.5 kg in the second period and no more than 0.5-1 in the entire 9th month. kg. Weight should be increased evenly and gradually. The normal development of the child depends on it.

– What are the dangers of being overweight?

– If a woman gains too much weight, both she and the fetus may experience problems. Excessive weight gain – one of the symptoms of late toxicosis, unhealthy condition of a pregnant woman. Late toxicosis may develop threatening abortion. In such a situation, a woman begins to feel pain in the waist and lower abdomen. In very severe cases premature delivery or premature placental exfoliation may occur.

Also, excess weight makes muscle work harder. It causes edema in legs, anterior abdominal wall, hands. Back and calf muscles begin to ache, blood circulation in the leg veins stops, varicose veins become more severe. A pregnant woman gets tired more often and becomes stronger, irritable. In the fetus, late toxicosis can cause chronic anoxemia and even pre-natal death. Very full women are at higher risk of such complications.

– What can cause rapid weight gain during pregnancy?

– Many times people who like to eat well gain weight quickly. However, moderation in eating still does not guarantee a normal weight. Some women can have too much fluid in their bodies – for example, when the kidneys are not working well enough. So, if a pregnant woman gains weight very quickly, she should check how much fluid she drinks day and night and develop. A healthy woman develops more fluid than she drinks. And accumulation of fluid in the body leads to excess weight. Then not only external organs but internal organs also swell. Edema of the placenta is especially dangerous: they disrupt the normal development of the fetus.

– How can a pregnant woman get rid of edemas?

– While visiting a maternity welfare center, she should pay careful attention to the recommendations regarding nutritional regimen, which a doctor will give her. As a rule, doctors advise all pregnant women to limit the consumption of salt, spicy, fried and fatty products. The fact is that these products contribute to the accumulation of fluid in the organism and lead to edema. It is recommended to arrange fasting days once in 10 days. Of course, this does not mean that a pregnant woman should go without food. Hunger is clearly indicated against a future mother. During fasting days, a pregnant woman should limit herself to certain products, for example, apples, cottage cheese, kefir, meat in strictly prescribed quantities. Moreover, he should be confined to bed – this improves the excretion of fluid from the organism. Diuretic medications also help a lot. However, he should not suddenly limit the amount of drunk liquid. He should not drink less than 1,2-1,5 liters day-night.

– It appears that it is rather easy to struggle with edemas?

– Unfortunately, not always. Weight gain depends on kidney function in many ways. So, for example, if a woman has chronic urolithiasis, chronic pyelonephritis, weight increases rapidly. Sometimes pyelonephritis appears already during pregnancy. Since the hormonal background changes during this period. The organism begins to produce a hormone, which contributes to the dilation of the urinary tract. And through these open gates various infections come to the kidneys. That is why all pregnant women should pass bacteriological examination of discharge from the vagina, constantly control urinalysis.

– What if a pregnant woman has a very large fetus and this explains her excess weight?

– It happens sometimes. But this may indicate another problem. Women with diabetes often have larger fetuses. If a woman herself was born big, she needs to check the amount of sugar in the blood and urine, because diabetes can also proceed in a latent form. Sometimes diabetes appears already during pregnancy. Again due to changes in hormonal background. Such pregnant women are in the risk group – even if high sugar levels are shown in only one of the few tests. However, excess weight during pregnancy often forces obstetricians to use caesarean section.

– Under what conditions is sudden weight gain particularly undesirable?

– Excess weight gain is especially dangerous in the second half of pregnancy, more precisely, from the 20th week. And the earlier such complications occur, the more difficult a woman’s confinement will be.

This is why we advise women to take care of their weight, take arterial pressure with both hands and check urine. If a woman has late toxicosis, as a rule, her blood pressure rises and albumin appears in the urine. If three symptoms are found – edema, high blood pressure and albumin in the urine – a woman is urgently hospitalized.

– Perhaps my question will surprise you. Is it somehow possible to “adjust” the size of the fetus?

– I think, yes. A balanced diet including animal and vegetable protein, vitamin, mineral rich products is necessary for this. A woman must take vitamin preparations. Of course, these are copy-book truths, but a woman does not always follow these rules for one reason or another.

– Apparently, belly size also depends on the amount of amniotic fluid? Does a woman’s drinking fluids affect them?

– No. The causes of excess amniotic fluid are quite different: diabetes, fetal development anomalies, Rhesus-incompatibility, infectious complications. If a woman has little amniotic fluid, it often means she will deliver a post-mature baby.

– Perhaps, too small belly is better, than too big?

– No, I won’t say that. Inadequate weight gain often results in defects in fetal development, very small babies, premature births, and sometimes neonatal death. Pregnant women should strive for the “golden middle”.

However, American scientists have noticed that women with an optimistic outlook on life give birth to low birth weight babies. Experts explain that optimistic women take better care of their health: exercise regularly and eat well.

– Is there a direct dependence between the emotional state of a pregnant woman and extra kilograms?

– Probably, there is. You know, when under stress, some women start eating any food and empty the fridge. Here goes the extra weight. And, conversely, other women cannot eat at all in stressful situations. That is why it is so important for close people and the future mother to take care of her stable, calm emotional mood.

Estimated allocation of weight gained during pregnancy

Child 3,5 kg

Placenta 0,675 kg

Amniotic fluid 0.8 kg

Enlarged uterus 0,9 kg

Breast 0,45 kg

Mother’s blood volume is 1.5 kg

Intracellular fluid of the mother is 1,4 kg

Adipose cellulose of the mother is 3,25 kg

Normal weight gain is 11,9 kg

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