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A Basic Guide to Climate Change

Scientists are reporting that the absolute limit that could cause irreversible change is a 2°C increase in average temperature. At this rate this phenomenon is natural and responsible for maintaining the correct temperature on Earth.

Earth’s water vapor and gases located in the atmosphere, ie. Carbon dioxide absorbs heat from the Earth, and human activities allow gases (such as CFCs) to escape into the atmosphere, exacerbating the greenhouse effect.

Earth’s climate depends on many factors that are always influenced by humans. This does not change the activity of the sun and other natural factors, but the increased anthropogenic pressure – (usually human activity (both planned and random) affects the natural environment) is especially dangerous from the point of view of socio-social development. Economic growth.

Between 1970 and 2004. Emissions have increased by 70%, leading to significant changes in climate, with global CO2 emissions increasing by 4.5% per year.

Carbon dioxide comes specifically from the operation of fossil fuels, ie. Dioxide, coal, lignite, oil and gas. According to the International Energy Agency as of 30 May 2011.

The highest ever reached was 30.6 gigatons.

The most visible manifestation of global warming is the melting of glaciers, which will raise sea levels. It is estimated that the Arctic ice area decreases by 35 thousand km per year and the overall water level increases by 2-3 mm per year. Over the past 25 years, the surface of Arctic glaciers has shrunk to an area equivalent to two-thirds of France, Germany and Poland.

By the end of the current century, the sea level will rise by 1-1.5 meters. The threat is so serious that the overall extent of ice in Greenland is raising sea level by 7 meters and for Antarctica by 70 meters.

It is estimated that glaciers hold over 75% of the world’s freshwater resources. The rivers flowing from these glaciers carry water to more than 2.5 billion people, so rising water levels will have negative consequences for local populations if not the world.

Deforestation and degradation are influenced by the following factors: migratory agriculture tungsten, logging, infrastructure development, plantations, expansion of fields and pastures and urbanization phenomena.

Illegal logging also favors corruption of officials contributing to greater poverty in local communities, pushing them to overuse natural resources.

Big corporations contribute to deforestation. For example, Western companies, which buy palm oil from Indonesia’s deforested areas, waste deforestation fueling Indonesia’s GDP growth, but at the expense of large areas of forest, invisible habitats and peatlands. Deforestation leads to social conflicts and adversely affects the livelihoods of indigenous people forcing them to migrate to cities in search of suitable living conditions.

According to researchers, at the current rate of deforestation, two-thirds of the species living on Earth will become extinct by the end of the 21st century.

Please note that the extinction of one species disrupts the life cycle of another species and thereby destabilizes the entire ecosystem.

Biodiversity destruction is an irreparable loss for the entire mankind.

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