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Wildlife Brazil Holidays
To say Brazil is big is an understatement, it’s huge! And most of this huge country is the Amazon rainforest, which covers over a billion acres, provides 20% of the world’s oxygen and would be the 9th largest country in the world if it were its own country! Although the Amazon rainforest also encompasses Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana, it is Brazil that takes the lion’s share, with 60% of the Amazon rainforest falling within its borders. This fact lends another reason to the already existing many why countless people choose to spend their holidays in Brazil; Rainforest adventure that’s on offer here!
The Amazon rainforest is said to be home to at least 40,000 plant species, 3,000 fish, 1,294 birds, 378 reptiles, 427 amphibians and 427 mammals, not to mention 2.5 million different species of insects! And 33% of all known species in the world are found in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest. Thus any holiday in this region of Brazil gives the visitor a chance to gain a real insight into the world’s biological diversity and catch a glimpse of the many animals of this Amazon rainforest.
The climate of the Amazon rainforest is warm and humid throughout the year and the abundant rainfall means that this rainforest ecosystem is always green, moist and teeming with Amazon rainforest animals and plants. The Amazon rainforest ecosystem consists of four different layers, from the ground to thick vegetation, to the canopy where the trees reach the sun. An array of animals in the Amazon rainforest can be found in all these different layers.
There are many options for people taking a wildlife vacation in Brazil, but perhaps the best is staying at one of the many lodges in the rainforest. From these jungle bases, visitors can venture out on guided tours of the rainforest where they can expect to see the diverse flora and fauna on offer, including many critically endangered species. One of the main advantages of staying in a lodge is the expert knowledge and information about the Amazon rainforest that is provided from the guides who work in them. Not only can you expect them to expertly guide you through the jungle and show you what others might miss, but you can also expect to learn a lot about the many species that exist here, such as the medicinal properties of many plants. To learn about the threats facing rainforest ecosystems.
While the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest may be the largest rainforest ecosystem in Brazil, that’s not to say it’s the only place worth visiting on their wildlife vacation. Brazil, being a large country, has many other ecosystems that offer a level of biodiversity equal to that of the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest, and in the case of the Atlantic Rainforest, it even boasts beating the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest. Brazil has the highest level of biodiversity.
One area in Brazil where wildlife rainforest adventure vacations are a must is an area known as the Patanal Conservation Area, which is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Pantanal is the world’s largest wetland and the fact that 80% of its flood plain is submerged during the monsoons means that there is an astonishing amount of diversity of rich aquatic plant life that supports a wide spectrum of different species. Some of the animals that visitors can expect to see here include marsh deer and giant river otters along with endangered species such as hyacinth macaws, crowned solitary eagles and giant anteaters. It also happens that Patanal is known to support one of the largest and healthiest jaguar populations in the world, a great thing considering these majestic cats are endangered.
Another area worth visiting, and considered by many wildlife enthusiasts to be even more worthy than the Brazilian Amazon rainforest, is the Atlantic Rainforest. The Atlantic Rainforest is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as well as a World Biosphere Reserve and anyone visiting on their Brazil holiday will see many endangered species such as marmosets, woolly spider monkeys and lion tamarins. The geography of this rainforest gives it an extremely high level of biodiversity. Although the Brazilian Amazon rainforest covers a large area of land, the terrain and temperature variations vary minimally over its vast expanse, and so the forest shows the same Amazon rainforest climate no matter where you are. However, the Atlantic Rainforest extends from sea level, to the coast, to the mountains, and because it is farther from the equator than Brazil’s Amazon Rainforest, it sees a greater variation in temperature from north to south. For this reason it exhibits many areas of different forest types within it, all with their own characteristics and species.
It’s clear then that Brazil offers a truly diverse experience and true rainforest adventure to anyone looking to embark on a wildlife holiday.
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